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Monday, 22 February 2010

狐仙介紹 Hu Xian Introduction ( Celebrity Gossip item )


日本的稻荷神是「狐」。

也就是我們中國北方傳說的「狐仙」,也稱為「大仙」。
狐,在中國傳統文化中,一直是一個亦正亦邪的形象。

(按照正規說法,狐,狸是兩種動物,隻是人們叫習慣了,統稱狐狸,而隻有狐有仙氣,狸似乎隻是是俗物)。

傳說狐是一種上進的動物.不甘於被獵殺和捕食。
於是開始找尋能讓自己強大的方法.但有些是自暴自棄的過一天算一天。
對自己的未來生活充滿希望的據說是得到神的指引。
找到與外界聯系鮮的地方進行修煉。
能耐得住寂寞並且有毅力的狐最後少有修為。
再經過不斷的磨練後成為狐仙, 他們的等級層次按修為的時間長短和自己的造化機遇區分(一般來說,他們的等級與山神差不多)...
經曆千萬個月圓之夜,吐納內丹吸取日月之精華而成的獸仙,可以說內丹是獸仙獨一無二的自由的法寶,能成仙得道全靠那顆內丹。因狐狸天生貪玩,所以成仙之後,正義的也很少,記載的多數狐仙為雌性,據說雄性的狐仙不喜歡外出。 特點:善變化,喜偷盜、嘴饞,十分高興時會現原形。
聽人說狐仙穿著古代人的服飾,這些話多是聽老人說的,之所以修成狐仙,一定是修了很長時間,他穿的衣服可能是他修行時的那個年代就是穿的那種衣服。
在這裏,有一個美麗的傳說:
弘法大師在尋找道場的時候,在荒山遇到大霧,完全迷路了,怎麼走也走不出去,正在饑寒交迫的時候,「狐狸」放出光明,在前頭引路,把弘法大師救了出去。
於是,弘法大師感念「狐狸」之恩,便設立「祠院」紀念祭祠「狐狸」。
狐仙民俗
很久很久以前,每逢歲末,關東一帶的狐仙都會聚集於一棵大樸樹下,盛裝同往王子稻荷神社拜五穀神。當地居民則遠眺狐仙,從磷火的多寡判斷來年是否豐衣足食。
東京王子稻荷神社的奇幻傳說,來自古時人類對大自然的敬畏之心。為延續這古老傳說,近年當地約300名居民,於每年除夕夜均會戴上傳統的狐狸面具或化妝成可愛的狐狸臉,並穿上和服,聚集於傳說中的大樸樹所在地裝束稻荷神社(裝束乃盛裝之意),提燈籠在黑夜緩步前往王子稻荷神社參拜,祈求好年。當晚王子街頭處處是「狐仙」,既有趣又熱鬧,讓人感受到古人對大自然施惠的感謝。
日本人相信,當太陽下山的時候穿上新的草鞋的話就會變成狐狸,這種迷信廣泛地散布在日本各地。所以不論是拖鞋或是皮鞋,如果要穿上新鞋一定要選在早上的時候,傍晚時分是不可以穿新鞋的,假使非穿不可,要記得在鞋底塗上一成煤灰或是沾上了墨汁等到幹了之後才可以穿。
另外,日本料理中有一種豆皮壽司,味道酸酸甜甜的,大概是摻了醋和白糖做的,叫做「稻荷壽司」,為什麼叫做「稻荷壽司」呢?因為據說狐狸很喜歡吃油豆腐皮,以稻荷為名,取其豐收之意,吃了稻荷壽司會有好運的說法,也就不脛而走。
★狐仙神社
專門祭祀狐狸神的稻荷神社在日本各地相當普及,所以狐狸神又稱作稻荷神,被當作祈求商業繁盛(鴻運昌隆)的神明來信奉,就好像我們這裏的土地公廟一樣,到處都可以看得到,原本狐狸神具有農耕神的特質,農民向來祈求賜予五谷豐收。其中以京都的伏見稻荷大社最有名,它是全日本稻荷神社的大本營,除了有可愛的狐狸雕像之外,還有最具特色的千本鳥居,這裏的繪馬(許願用的小木闆,把祝福的話寫在上面,掛在繪馬專用的架上,以求願望達成)外觀是可愛的狐狸造型,你還可以替它畫上胡須,祈求狐狸神為你完成心願。
★農業社會的動物崇拜
  世上沒有任何動物比狐狸更具有神秘色彩了。牠的形體、活動特點以及和人類之間的互動,使得人們總是抱著敬畏的心態來看待狐狸。在中國老祖宗們相信見到狐狸代表著某種征兆,或許是喜事,或許大難臨頭。如果狐狸跑到家中,全家人奉若神明,任其自由活動。還有人看見狐狸會立即雙手合十向牠膜拜,祈求狐仙保佑平安。據說得道的狐仙懂得通靈,能替人醫病或消災解厄。在傳統的農業社會裏,擁有著相當多的信眾,許多村莊都有專為狐狸所立的廟,如果有人求之而靈驗,一定要到廟中掛紅懸額,還願於狐仙
★與異族通婚的心靈符碼
  受到中國《聊齋志異》影響,狐狸的聰明伶俐、通曉人性,經常被賦予人格化的形象。一些年輕貌美、深具吸引力的女子常被人稱之為「狐狸精」,其實是古代女性情欲的另類表征。類似像前面提到過的娶狐狸為妻的故事,在日本流傳了許多不同版本的故事,大緻的模式當丈夫知道妻子的本來面貌是狐狸之後,每到了農忙時期狐妻又會回到家中幫忙丈夫收割,往往這名男子家中的稻谷收成得特別好,故事中保留了狐狸身為農耕神的性格。在黑澤明執導的電影「夢」裏面,第一段就在描述一個小男孩在下雨天遇見森林裏狐狸娶親的故事,聽說狐狸不喜歡被人看見牠們的行蹤,所以狐狸的迎親隊伍走沒幾步路,突然一齊回頭看看後面是否有人跟來的動作既詭異又有趣,有機會的話不妨租來看看。其實在狐狸與人類異類聯姻的故事背後,所掩蓋的事實是跨越階級制度的婚姻禁忌。例如《信太妻》中的葛葉,講述的就是陰陽師安倍晴明出生之謎,其實安倍晴明的父親所娶的應是當時位階卑下的賣藝女子,有了白狐葛葉的傳說,便鞏固了安倍晴明在人們心中的地位。
民間信仰中的「四仙」(即狐狸、黃鼠狼、蛇和刺蝟)之一,亦名「狐仙」、「狐神」、「狐狸精」。源於古代動物崇拜,先秦古籍《山海經》已有精怪九尾狐的記載。民間傳說狐狸能修煉成精,化為人形,神通廣大,若人類對之不敬,則以妖媚惑人,必受其害。民間尊為狐仙奉祀,以避禍免災,祈求平安。自唐朝以來,崇信狐仙之風盛行,狐狸精的傳說更在民間廣泛流傳。
用符方式:
1. 準備(1)生雞蛋一盒,(2)麻薯一盒,(3)水果一些,(4)白開水一杯。
2. 安神:於房間內準備一小桌子或小床頭櫃,並於亥時(晚上9:00~11:00)現場書符(1)狐先本命符並招請狐大仙,並安神位,並享用供品,並連續招請7次,每次三支清香。
3. 於七七四十九天後,再次稟明狐大仙賜(2)狐仙魅力符,佩帶於身。
4. 以上程序必須由專業大師教導安神及求符,方得有效。
狐仙喜歡:
(1)生雞蛋一盒,
(2)麻薯一盒,
(3)水果一些,
(4)白開水一杯
(5)香水或香粉。

Japan, Inari is "fox." This is what we in northern China tradition of "HUXIN", also known as "Sin."
Fox, in the traditional Chinese culture has always been one also has the image of evil (in accordance with the formal argument, fox, raccoon dog are two kinds of animals, but people call used to it, collectively referred to as the fox, and only have Xianqi fox, raccoon dog seems to be yes vulgarian).
Fox is a legend motivated animal. Hate to be hunting and predation .. so it began to look for ways to make themselves stronger. But some of it one day becomes a piece of ... for their future life is said to be full of hope to be God's guidance. contact with the outside world to find fresh areas for cultivation ... to be able to endure loneliness and perseverance of the fox for the last few repair .. go through continuous tempering became HUXIN, and their hierarchy according to revised the length of time for good fortune and their own opportunities for distinction (generally speaking, they are almost level with the mountain god) ...
Through 10 million full moon nights, gateway to the essence of inner alchemy and absorb sun and the moon made of animal cents, we can say is the animals cents nedan unique magic weapon of freedom, can attain the immortality thanks to sinking nedan. Inherently fun because of the fox, so, after immortality, justice rarely record the majority of HUXIN female, male HUXIN reportedly do not like to go out. Features: Good change, hi theft, greedy, very pleased when Xianyuan Xing.
Heard people say that ancient people HUXIN wearing costumes, these words are mostly listen to the elders said, the reason Xiucheng HUXIN, it must be revised for a very long time, he was wearing the clothes may be his self-cultivation during that era is the kind of wear衣服.
Here, there is a beautiful legend:
Kobo Daishi, looking for temples, when encountered in the barren hills and fog, completely lost, and how are they going to also get out of being hungry and cold when the "fox" If we let a bright future, at the head lead the way to save out of Kobo Daishi.
As a result, Kobo Daishi gratitude "fox"'s grace, we will set up a "Temple House" Temple Festival to commemorate "the fox."
HUXIN Folk
Long, long time ago, every end of the year, Kanto area HUXIN will be gathered in a large hackberry, the dress to the Oji Inari Shrine worship the same god of grain. Local residents overlooking HUXIN from a wildfire in the coming year to determine whether the amount of affluence.
Tokyo Prince Inari Shrine fantasy legends, from ancient times human nature awe. For the continuation of this ancient tradition in recent years, some 300 local residents, the annual New Year's Eve will be wearing a traditional mask or make-up into a lovely fox fox face and wear a kimono, gathered at the legendary location of a large hackberry attire Inari Shrine (meaning dress attire is), put lanterns in the night slowly went to the Prince Inari shrine to pray for better year. Prince was everywhere on the streets that night, "HUXIN," both interesting and lively, people feel the ancient patronizing appreciation of nature.
The Japanese believe that the time when the sun sets a new straw sandals to wear if it becomes a fox, this superstition widely spread throughout Japan. So whether slippers or shoes, if you want to wear new shoes must choose the time in the morning, evening, can not wear new shoes, in case of non-wear can not be, we must remember that in the sole, or coated with a soot into the was stained with the ink dry before they can wear to wait.
In addition, there is a Yuba Japanese sushi, sweet sour taste, and probably mixed with vinegar and sugar to do, called "Inari Sushi", why is called "Inari sushi" mean? Because oil is said to the fox loves to eat bean curd skin, to Inari in the name of the stops meaning harvest, Inari sushi eating there to say good luck, also spread like wildfire.
★ HUXIN Shrine
Specifically fox god Inari shrine worship in the very popular throughout Japan, so the fox god Inari is also called God, be deemed to pray for prosperous business (Hong Yunchang-long) of the gods to believe in, as if the land the temple here, like everywhere can be seen, the original fox God has a divine nature of farming, farmers always pray for good harvest gift. Among them, Kyoto's Fushimi Inari Taisha's most famous Inari shrines in Japan which is the headquarters, in addition to a lovely fox statue, there are also most unique 1000 Torii here Ema (wish to use a small wood, the the words of blessing written on the top, hung on the painted horse dedicated rack in order to achieve the aspirations) the appearance of the fox is a lovely shape, you can also draw on its behalf beards, pray to God for you to complete aspiration of the fox.
★ agricultural society of animal worship
There is no any animal is more mysterious than the fox had. It is physical, characteristics and activities, and human interaction, allowing people to always be in awe of the mind to look at holding the fox. Believe that our ancestors saw in China, represents a sign of the fox, and perhaps is a pleasant event, perhaps facing an imminent disaster. If the fox ran to home, family worship, he served as its freedom of movement. Fox will also see to it immediately hands together to worship, pray HUXIN bless safe. The HUXIN understand psychic is said to enlightenment can be restricted to the medical disease or disaster relief Ecuador. In the traditional agricultural society, with a considerable number of believers, and many villages have for the fox by the legislation of the temple, if someone seeking the while efficacious, be sure to go to the temple hanging red hanging places, would also like to HUXIN
★ mind in mixed marriages and codes of
By China, "Liao Zhai Zhi Yi," Impacts, fox smart to understand human nature, often is given personalized image. Some young and pretty, with a deep attractive women were often referred to as "vixen" was in fact ancient an alternative characterization of female sexuality. Similar to the married, as mentioned earlier, the story of the fox wife in Japan circulated a number of different versions of the story, the approximate model when the husband knew his wife, after the original appearance of a fox, to a very busy periods for each wife will come home in the Fox to help her husband harvest, often the man at home in the rice harvest was particularly good, the story has been retained in fox farming as a god character. In Akira Kurosawa's film "Dream" inside, the first paragraph in describing a young boy in the rain forest meets the story of the fox married, I heard that the fox does not like to be seen of their whereabouts, so the fox's Bridal team did not walk a few Step Road, suddenly back together to see if someone is coming behind the movement both strange and fascinating words may have the opportunity to rent a look. In fact, the fox and the human stories behind the heterogeneous marriage, overshadowed by the fact that the cross-class system of marriage taboo. Such as "Nobuta wife" in the Ge leaves about Onmyouji Abe no Seimei is the mystery of birth, in fact, Abe no Seimei's father, the bridegroom should be the entertainer was equal in rank to humble woman, with arctic fox Kuzunoha legend, it reinforces Abe no Seimei in the the status of people's minds.
Folk belief in the "four immortal" (that is, foxes, weasels, snakes and hedgehogs), one of Yi Ming, "HUXIN", "fox spirit", "vixen." Originated from the ancient animal worship, the pre-Qin classics "Shan Hai Jing" has been Gremlin Jiuwei Hu documented. Folklore, the fox can be refined into practice, into a humanoid, magical wand, if the human right of disrespect, places demon Meihuo people, will suffer. HUXIN enshrined respect for civil society in order to avoid disaster Bihuo to pray for peace. Since the Tang dynasty, in thrall HUXIN in vogue, seductive woman in popular legend is more widespread.
With the symbol means:
1. Preparation (1) box of raw eggs, (2) Mashu box, (3) Fruits, (4) a cup of boiled water.
2. Anshen: in the rooms for a small table or small bedside cabinet and was hai shi (9:00 pm ~ 11:00) on-site book character (1) The Fox and the recruitment of the first Benming break fox Daisen, and soothe the nerves spaces and enjoy the offerings , and continuous recruitment of seven times, each time three fragrance.
3. At forty-nine days later, again thanks to Bing Ming Fox Tai Sin (2) HUXIN charm breaks, wear on the body.
4. The above process must be taught by professional masters soothe the nerves and the demand Fu, Fang effectively as well.
HUXIN like
(1) box of raw eggs,
(2) Mashu box,
(3) Fruits,
(4) a cup of boiled water
(5), perfume or powder